Friday, April 20, 2012

Duelling UN Resolutions.... China is sending observers

 One drafted by Russia and one allegedly by the EU, actually drafted by France.

Russia and  France (the European Union) circulated on Friday separate draft U.N. Security Council resolutions to authorize the deployment to Syria of up to 300 more ceasefire observers and there were hopes for a vote in the coming days, diplomats said.

There are seven monitors already in Syria after the council authorized an advance team of up to 30 on Saturday. A new resolution is needed for a further "initial deployment" of up to 300 as recommended by U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

Ban Ki-Moon. Go away. I for one am just sick of reading what you have to say.
Your a tool!
There, now I feel better!

Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Lukashevich said in a statement published on the ministry's website on Friday: "Active work is taking place on the basis of the Russian text in order to take the decision tomorrow."

Council diplomats confirmed that negotiations are focusing on the Russian draft.

Both the Russian and France texts, authorize the deployment of 300 unarmed observers for an initial three month period and call upon Syria to implement its pledges under a six point plan by U.N.-Arab League mediator Kofi Annan.

A key difference is the text , which diplomats say was drafted by France, "underlines the need for the Syrian government to agree rapidly with the United Nations the independent use of air assets" by the observer mission.
The Russia draft makes no mention of air assets and is a little less critical of Damascus than the EU text.

Syria has dismissed any need for U.N. aircraft.
I also read somewhere....can't find it. That the Syrian government was retaining the right to block some observers, understandably Syria wants neutral observers in place.

Some reports contain talk of the necessity of  ceasefire before expansion &  repercussions-

The French draft would authorize a force of 300 observers but condition its deployment to notification from Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon that Syria has implemented its pledge to withdraw all troops and heavy weapons from cities and towns "to his satisfaction."

 Is Ban- Ki Moon trying to ingratiate himself into this situation? I thought this was the Anan Plan?

France (EU) proposed resolution : “Stresses that it is critically important to create "a sustained cessation of violence" and establish "a conducive environment" for the large mission to deploy.”

Russian resolution: “Would immediately establish the 300-strong force without any conditions, though it does underline the importance that international envoy Kofi Annan's attaches to Syria's withdrawal of troops and weapons.”

Another difference in the texts is whether Syria should face possible sanctions if it fails to send its troops and heavy weapons back to barracks.

The French (EU)  draft “expresses the council's intention, in the event of Syrian non-compliance, to adopt non-military sanctions under Article 41 of the U.N. Charter which would likely include economic measures such as asset freezes, and travel bans.

 The Russian draft makes no mention of such measures.
The French (EU) draft: Would authorize the expanded U.N. Supervision Mission in Syria, to be known as UNSMIS, to not only monitor a cease-fire and withdrawal of Syrian troops and heavy weapons but also "monitor and support" full implementation of Annan's six-point peace plan.

Noting the French draft is holding Syria culpable only.

The Russian draft: Says the expanded force will monitor a cease-fire "and relevant aspects of the envoy's six-point proposal."

Russia held a meeting of experts from the 15 council nations at its mission Friday morning to discuss its text.
China To Join UN's Syria Observers Mission

China will send personnel to join the United Nations' (UN) observers mission and its advance team in Syria, Xinhua news agency reported on Friday.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Weimin, speaking at a press conference, said that China is discussing the details with the UN Secretariat and supports any efforts to help realize a sustained cessation of violence and initiate political dialogue among parties in Syria.

Interesting read


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