Wednesday, December 27, 2017

Eastern Mediterranean May Be Scene of First Conflict of 2018

1st post of the day linked immediately below

And a Dead Battery in My Car.. Extreme Cold Continues as People Die 

It's very, very plausible that the Eastern Med may heat up
I've relinked a few posts from 2017 covering the tensions in the area. They definitely relate to the latest news!

 Eastern Mediterranean May Be Scene of First of 2018 Conflict

  The eastern Mediterranean is expected to witness the first conflict of 2018, as developments at the end of 2017 are signaling worsening relationships between Turkey and the Greek Cypriot-Greece-Israel-Egypt bloc. 
Territorial disputes over natural gas and newly discovered hydrocarbon reserves in the eastern Mediterranean basin are the reason.

Up until a few years ago, the hope was that these hydrocarbon reserves would offer a real opportunity for a peaceful settlement of the Cyprus conflict. But these optimistic hopes vanished with both Turks and Greek Cypriots unilaterally speeding up exploration and drilling operations.
In 2004, the European Union had declared the Greek Cypriots the sole entity representing the island of Cyprus and accepted it as an EU member. Feeling that its hand has been strengthened following the EU decision, the Greek Cypriots claimed the right of natural resources exploration in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) around Cyprus.

Turkey, however, has been insisting that the Greek Cypriot administration in Nicosia cannot unilaterally “adopt laws regarding the exploitation of natural resources on behalf of the entire island,” as it doesn’t represent the Turkish Cypriots. Also, there is a separate disputed EEZ between Turkey and Greece in the eastern Mediterranean — another point of tension in the conflict.

Ankara reacted strongly to the Greek Cypriots' natural gas drilling efforts in July. The Turkish army dispatched a frigate in the eastern Mediterranean to "monitor a drilling ship that is believed to have begun searching for oil and gas off ethnically divided Cyprus despite Turkey's objections,” The Associated Press reported.

On Nov. 20, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi visited Greek Cypriot for a trilateral meeting in Nicosia to discuss hydrocarbon resources in the region. In addition to Egypt’s president, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras also participated in the meeting, which was hosted by Greek Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades. The Turkish Foreign Ministry, on the other hand, declared the outcome of the trilateral meeting to be “null and void."

However, despite Turkey’s opposition, drillship Saipem 12000 sailed to carry out exploration and drilling operations on behalf of French TOTAL and Italian ENI companies in the Calypso region between March 1 and Dec. 26 in accordance with an agreement reached during the trilateral summit.

Moreover, Italy, Greece, Greek Cypriot and Israel had already agreed on the construction of a gas pipeline from newly discovered fields. The project — dubbed “East-Med” — will cost some $6 billion. An over 2,000-kilometer-long (1,243-mile-long) pipeline will channel offshore reserves in the Levantine basin to Greece and Italy.

The East-Med project could be interpreted as an effort to form a regional alliance between Greek Cypriot and Greece to confront Turkey in the eastern Mediterranean. The Greek Cypriots and Greece also signed a separate agreement with Israel to channel natural gas reserves in the Mediterranean basin via an undersea pipeline. Italy’s participation in this project didn’t come as a surprise, as Italy has already been exploring natural gas in the Mediterranean on behalf of the Greeks. The undersea pipeline is expected to channel natural gas from Israel’s Leviathan Basin and Greece's 12th plot — also called Aphrodite — to Crete, and then to Europe via Greece.

On Dec. 5, the energy ministers of Greece, Greek Cypriot and Israel and the Italian ambassador to Greek Cypriot signed an accord in Nicosia on the construction of the East-Med pipeline. The participation of EU representatives in the ceremony indicated Brussels’ support for the project.

In 2017, the Greek Cypriots, Israel and Greece conducted three joint exercises in March, June and November. At the beginning of November 2017, Greece and Egypt held their first joint naval exercise for the first time in quite a while.

In response, Ankara initiated its own moves and issued a navigational telex to reserve an area for military exercises. The area covers the disputed sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth blocs that the Greek Cypriots had declared as their EEZ. Ankara’s declaration came at a time when Saipem 12000 arrived in the Mediterranean.

Also, the Turkish army has kept some of its forces in the eastern Mediterranean following NATO’s Standing Maritime Task Force exercise, which was conducted Nov. 7-16. The Turkish navy’s TCG Gediz and TCG Barbaros frigates; the TCG Kalkan, TCG Mizrak, TCG Bora and TCG Meltem gunboats; the TCG Akar fuel tanker; and four underwater commando teams are still in the sixth bloc.

In 2018, Turkey will have its first brand-new drilling vessel, the Deepsea Metro II. According to navigation data, the ship left Norway's Hoylandsbygda port some two weeks ago and is currently sailing west of Portugal. It is expected to arrive in Turkey on Dec. 31. The critical question now is whether the Turkish navy will be providing military escorts for the new drilling vessel.

If the Deepsea Metro II is to be escorted by a Turkish navy fleet while sailing to the sixth bloc, then the affair is bound to heat up. In the meantime, the Nicosia administration also announced that drilling operations in its EEZ would begin Dec. 30 and that Saipem 12000 would join the operations as well.

Now the question is whether Turkey’s Deepsea Metro II and Saipem 12000 and naval fleets escorting them will confront each other in the disputed sixth bloc.

One should also consider domestic developments in relevant countries when trying to measure the extent of a possible crisis. A possible hydrocarbon crisis is an excellent domestic political issue that all governments can use to consolidate their nationalist support base.

In sum — and in comparison to 2017 — one will witness more eventful scenes in the eastern Mediterranean in 2018. The only actor that could mediate between Ankara and Nicosia is not Washington but Moscow, the new shining star of the Middle East.
Perhaps Moscow can mediate between Nicosia and Ankara? Would that make a difference in this situation? What if Greece and Israel don't wish to negotiate with Turkey? Then what? 
Could get complicated and dangerous


  1. My 2 counterpoint to that suggestion is.

    1. Azerbaycan - Armenia dispute is still not solved

    2. Greece is an European vassal not a Russian one, But than again Russia would like that since it will cause more friction within the European Union.

    3. My Position with regards to the Russians, which you very well know by now. I think..

    1. Hey Kaz!

      Azerbaijan/Armenia could flare up any time.

      Greece is a European/NATO vassal. Doubtful Russia could convince Greece of much of anything?

      I do understand your position wrt to Russia, perhaps not fully, but know you do not see them as saviours.

      The only parties I could see Russia holding sway is between Turkey and Cyprus (having some pull with Nicosia... but beyond that?????

    2. But its Russia who have been a "mediator" between those two. And has a military base in Armenia.

      Cyprus is also in the EU.

    3. Hi Kaz:
      my referral to Russia as mediator between Nicosia and Turkey only related to the posted article

      As for Azerbaijan and Armenia- I believe that Russia is just one of the mediators involved in that situation. (going on recall)

    4. (tctw) - To complicated to Write

      Russia will only stall it, not solve it.

    5. Hi Penny! You have been on my mind for a few days. Sorry for not wishing you a Merry Christmas. I have been a bit busy lately.

      Russia might have some power over Cyprus since a lot of Russian tourists have started going there in recent years. Greeks and Greek Cypriot civilians in general are quite pro-Russian since they believe in the same sect of Christianity - Eastern Orthodox. Greeks and Russians are generally quite religious so Russia can hold sway in that sense. However, it is likely that the Western governments will try to stop any alliances between the Greeks (inc Cyps).
      Erdogan also called Israel a terrorist state a few weeks ago so it is likely that Israel will not want to negotiate with Turkey.

    6. Hey Ally:
      Yes, Russia might have some sway in Cyprus.
      I missed Erdogan saying that- had a busy couple of days myself

      I hope you had a nice Christmas as well Ally :)

    7. Kaz: I had a post here, some time back on why Russia may not wish to resolve the Turkish Cyprus situation..

      almost a year old now:

      "A complete breakdown of the talks would be fine with Putin/Russia. (But not open warfare) It would preserve and perhaps deepen the Greek-Turkish rift within NATO, ( keeping Turkey in Russia's sphere of influence and weaken NATO) stave off gas pipeline projects in the eastern Mediterranean, (reduce competition) allow Russia to keep Cyprus as the EU playground for its business and a neutral but friendly port of call for its ships.

      If reunification does finally take place, Russia will need to know how its interests will be protected. What it clearly doesn't want is for NATO to be strengthened and for Cyprus to join it -- a possibility after unification. If Moscow is not satisfied, it could undermine the deal both inside Cyprus and in the UN"

    8. A bit more..

      But I don't think Russia wants the conflict- They may be just fine with the status quo.

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